Broome is situated on the traditional lands of the Yawuru people in Western Australia. The first European to visit Broome was William Dampier in 1688 and again in year 1699. A lot of the coastal features of the area are named by him. In yeaer 1879, Charles Harper suggested that the pearling industry could be served by a port closer to the pearling grounds and that Roebuck Bay would be suitable. In 1883, John Forrest selected the site for the town, and it was named after Sir Frederick Broome, the Governor of Western Australia from 1883 to 1889. In year 1889, a telegraph undersea cable was laid from Broome to Singapore, connecting to England. Hence the name Cable Beach given to the landfall site. The town has an interesting history based around the exploits of the men and women who developed the pearling industry, starting with the harvesting of oysters for mother of pearl in the 1880s to the current major cultured pearl farming enterprises.
Broome was attacked by Japanese aircraft on 3rd of March 1942. The air raid killed at least 88 persons. The West Australian mining boom of the 1960s, as well as the growth of the tourism industry, also helped Broome develop and diversify. Broome is one of the fastest growing towns in Australia. At Gantheaume Point and 30 m out to sea are dinosaur footprints believed to be from the Cretaceous Age approximately 130M years ago. The tracks can be seen only during very low tide. Broome entered into a Sister City agreement with Taiji, Japan in year 1981 as historic ties between the 2 towns date back to the early 1900s, when Japan became instrumental in laying the groundwork of Broome's pearling industry. The annual dolphin hunting in Taiji was the subject of the 2009 documentary The Cove, and sparked a unanimous decision by the town's council, headed by Graeme Campbell, to end the relationship with the town if the dolphin hunt were to continue. The decision to suspend it was reversed in October 2009.
Broome has a tropical climate, like most parts of the Australian tropics, it has two seasons: a dry season and a wet season. The dry season is from May through November with nearly every day clear and maximum temperatures around 30 degrees Celsius. The wet season extends from December through March, with maximum temperatures of around 35 degrees Celsius, rather erratic tropical downpours, and high humidity. Broome's annual rainfall average is 598.9 mm, 76% of which falls from January through March. Broome is susceptible to tropical cyclones, and these, along with the equally unpredictable nature of summer thunderstorms, play a large part in the erratic nature of the rainfall. For instance, in January 1922, Broome recorded just 2.8mm of rainfall while in the same month of 1997, it received 910.8mm. Frost is unknown; however, temperatures during the cooler months have dropped to as low as 3.3 degrees Celsius.
Cable Beach is located 7 km from town along a good bitumen road. The beach itself is 22.5 kilometers long with beautiful white sand washed clean daily by tides that can reach over 9m . The water is crystal clear turquoise, and the gentle swells hardly manage to topple over as they roll up onto the almost perfectly flat beach. Caution, however, is required when swimming from November through March as box jellyfish are present during those months. There have been cases where crocodiles have been sighted off the shore, but this is a rarity and measures are taken to prevent these situations. Four wheel drive vehicles may be driven onto the beach's premises from the car park. This allows people to explore the beach at low tide to a much greater extent than would be possible on foot. Sunset camel rides operate daily along the beach.
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